Essay about job analysis

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Job Analysis
Kimmie Lopez
PSY/435
March 3, 2015
Dr. Burns-Dunnagan
Job Analysis
Job analysis is the method used to describe jobs and/or the human attributes necessary to perform it. There are three elements that make up a formal job analysis they are as follows: 1. the analyst specifies a procedure in advance and follows through with it. This procedure must be systematic. 2. The job is broken down into smaller units. This way the analyst is describing components of the jobs rather than the whole job. 3. The analysis results need to be in some written product. This can be electronic or on paper (Spector, 2012). There is not just one way to do a job analysis. There are many methods that provide different types of information about the jobs and also about the human attributes the person needs for that job. However job analysis fall under one of two categories. The first being job oriented approach. This type of approach provides the analyst with information about the nature of the tasks done on the job. The methods used can wither describe the tasks themselves or provide characteristics of the task (Spector, 2012). The second category is the person oriented approach. This type of approach provides a description of the characteristics needed for a person to successfully perform a particular job. Basically it’s the employee’s knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics necessary to handle the job. Knowledge is what the person should know to do a particular job. Skill is what the person is able to on the job. Ability is a person’s capability to do the job tasks or the possibility of learning to do tasks of the job. Other personal characteristics includes anything else relevant to the job and its tasks (Spector, 2012).
The job analysis that we are going to discuss today is the job analysis of a Middle School Teacher. Middle school teacher’s report to the principal of the school and the length of their assignment is 10 months. A middle school teacher’s primary purpose is to provide students with appropriate learning activities and experiences. These activities and experiences are designed to fulfill their potential for intellectual, emotional, physical, and social growth during the school year. They are also to enable students to develop skills and the ability to successfully function in society.
1) Responsibilities:
A. Prepare and implement plans for the curriculum program. Must show written evidence of preparation (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
B. Develop lessons that accommodate for individual student differences (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
C. Present subject matter according to guidelines set up by the board of education and administrative regulations (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
D. Use appropriate instructional/learning strategies that accommodate individual student needs (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
E. Assess student’s learning styles and use results for instructional activities (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
F. Work with special education teachers when curriculum needs to be modified for special education student (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
G. Work with other members of staff in planning and implementing instructional goals, objectives, and methods according to state requirements (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
H. Plan and supervise assignments for teacher aide(s) and/or volunteer(s) (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
I. Use technology in the teaching/learning process (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
J. Help students improve habits of study (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
K. Assess student’s achievements through formal and informal testing (Elementary School Teacher Job Description, n.d.).
L. Present a positive role model for students. Support the mission of the school (Elementary School Teacher Job…